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Forbidden City ; Summer Palace and Temple of Heaven private tour

The Forbidden City

The Forbidden City is located in the center of Beijing. It used to be the former Imperial Palace for the Ming and Qing emperors. The Forbidden City was first built in 1420 during the Ming Dynasty, while the Qing Emperors also stayed inside after they entered Beijing. Staring from the third emperor if the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Di, to the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty, Pu Yi, altogether 24 emperors lived and conducted state affairs in the Forbidden City for a total of 491 years. Fourteen of them were Ming emperors and ten were Qing emperors.

The Forbidden City was also known as the Palace Museum or Purple Forbidden City. Actually, it was the former imperial palace for the emperor in the old days and served as both living quarters and the venue of the state administration. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the emperor¡¯s residence was forbidden to the ordinary people. In the feudal society, the emperor had supreme power and he believed he was the person just below heaven but above all the people, so his residence was certainly a forbidden place to the common people. In other words, the common people were forbidden to enter the imperial palace. Hence the name ¡°Forbidden City¡±.
The word ¡°purple¡± comes from ancient Chinese astronomers¡¯ belief that purple was the symbolic color of the North Star. In ancient China, astronomers put the stars into three constellations. The Purple Star was located in the center of the universe, which was believed to be the center of the cosmos, and the Palace on the Purple Star was called ¡°Purple Palace¡± for the God of Heaven to live in. since the emperor believed that he was the ¡°Son of Heaven¡±, he called his Forbidden City ¡°Purple Forbidden City¡±. The emperor also believed that his palace was in the center of the earth, for the palace was built along the north-south central axis of the capital city of Beijing. Hence the name ¡°Purple Forbidden City¡±.

The Forbidden City cover an area of 72 hectares with a total floor space of about 163,000 square meters. It is rectangular in shape, 960 meters long from north to south, and 750 meters wide from east to west, surrounded with a 100meter high city wall and encircled by a 52-meter wide moat. At each corner of the surrounding wall, there is a magnificent watchtower, which was heavily guarded in the old days. Each of the four watchtowers has 9 beams, 18 pillars and 72 ridgepoles. All the numbers are related to the number 9 or multiples of 9, and the three numbers added together equal 99. what a magnificent structure we Chinese people created!
Most of the structures in the Forbidden City were made of wood with white marble, stone or brick foundations. The building materials were from many parts of our country. The timber came from Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hunan and Yunnan provinces in southwest China, but in the Qing Dynasty, the timber was transported from northeast China; the stones and marble were quarried from nearby hills in Fangshan District, 70 kilometers southwest of Beijing and Hebei Province; the bricks used for building the walls ere brought from Shandong province, while the bricks for laying floors inside the halls of the Forbidden City were ¡°Gold Bricks¡± specially baked in Suzhou, a city south of the Yangtze River, Jiangsu Province. There were altogether 230,000 artisans and one million civilians involved in building the Forbidden City. It was really a huge construction and a hard job for the Chinese laboring people.
Talking about the rooms and buildings in the Forbidden City, the popular saying is that there were 9,999 and a half rooms in the Forbidden City. Because the ¡°Heavenly Palace¡± for the God of Heaven had 10,000 rooms, the emperor on the earth didn¡¯t dare to compare himself with the God of Heaven. Therefore, the number of rooms in the Imperial Palace was a half room less. The half room is at the western side of the Wenyuan Pavilion, the Imperial Library, which is on the east side of the outer court of the Forbidden City. But the fact is that, according to the records in 1973, the Forbidden City now consists of more than 90 palaces and courtyards, 980 buildings with rooms of 8,704. however, such a big complex with so many buildings and rooms doesn¡¯t have a disordered appearance in any way or give people a disordered impression; instead, the whole complex looks imposing and stately with a harmonious, neat and fine layout. The main reason is that all the main building in the Forbidden City were built along the central north-south axis, while this whole complete group of structures was built along the old Beijing City¡¯s north-south axis.
The Forbidden City can be divided into two parts; the outer court and the inner palace. The outer court consists of three main buildings in the front part of the Forbidden City. This was the place where the emperors attended the grand ceremonies and conducted state affairs; while the inner palace is composed of the rear three main buildings and the six eastern palaces and six western palaces, and was the place where the emperor used to handle daily affairs and it was the living quarters for the emperor, empress and imperial concubines.

Now, the Palace Museum holds a great number of historical and cultural relics as well as precious works of art. Therefore, it is the largest museum of culture and art in China and one of the famous museums in the world. The Palace Museum is of great value for scientific research as well as for the tourism industry. It has already become a famous tourist attraction, and every day there are thousands and thousands of tourists coming to visit the Forbidden City.
The Forbidden City is the best-preserved imperial palace in China and the largest ancient palatial structure in the world. It is the largest piece of ancient Chinese architecture still in existence today.

 

Tour Schedule:
Our well-trained English-speaking tour guide will pick you up from the hotel at 8:30 in the morning, drive to the the Forbidden City. meanwhile, our guide will introduce some interesting stories, After that, we will have lunch, after short break. in the afternoon visit Temple of Heaven and Summer Palace. , and then you will be transferred back to your hotel,

Tour cost:

Forbidden City ,Summer Palace and Temple of Heaven Private Tour p/p cost

Persons

1 person

2 persons

3-5 persons

6-9 persons

Price

960 RMB

600 RMB

500 RMB

450 RMB


Tour includes:
Entrance fee
Chinese traditional lunch
Well-trained English-Speaking tour guide
Private vehicle


Reservation:
Please send your email to thebeijingtour@gmail.com. You are also welcome to call us at + 86-10-135 5252 7373 .

 

Confirmation Sheet

Guests Name

 

Nationality

 

Hotel Name

 

Room No

 

Hotel Tel

 

Total Tourists

 

Confirmed Item

 

Confirmed Date

 

Total Tour Cost

 

Email

 

 


Daily Seat-In-Coach Tours small vehicle in good condition
 Great Wall at Badaling and Ming Tomb 150 RMB p/p.
 Great Wall at Mutianyu and Ming Tomb 200 RMB p/p.
 Great Wall hiking tour from JingShanLing to SiMaTai 300 RMB p/p.
 Forbidden City ; Summer Palace and Temple of Heaven one day tour 250 RMB p/p.


Acrobatics Show Discount Price

 China Puppet Theatre Acrobatics Kingdom 60 RMB p/p.
 Tiandi Theatre 60 RMB p/p.
 Tianqiao Acrobatic Theatre 80 RMB p/p.
 Chaoyang Theatre Acrobatic show 80 RMB p/p.


Beijing Opera Show
Discount Price
 Liyuan Theatre Opera show 100 RMB p/p.
 Huguang Guild Hall Opera show 100 RMB p/p.
 Forbidden Love Opera at Nationalities Culture Palace 140 RMB p/p.


Kungfu Show
Discount Price
 Red Theatre Legend of Kungfu 100 RMB p/p.


Private Tours private driver and tour guide
 Great Wall at Badaling and Ming Tomb one day tour.
 Great Wall at Mutianyu and Ming Tomb one day tour.
 Great Wall from Jinshanling to Simatai hiking one day tour.
 Forbidden City; Summer Palace and Temple of Heaven one day tour.
 Mutianyu Great Wall half day tour.
 Temple of Heaven and Summer Palace one day tour.
 Hutong Tour by rickshaw.

Date: 05/20/2009


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